Muscle & Bone

The first event responsible for hip fracture is the fall. If a fragile bone (low bone mass and deteriorated bone quality) has a high propension to fracture, the fall is the event causing the fracture. It is therefore important to ensure proper muscle capacity remains, especially in elderly. Maintaining physical activity would contribute in maintaining bone quality/quantity.

It was also demonstrated that muscle and bone are strongly related. Dedicated trainings and exercise types would contribute to define specific bone patterns based on the impacts and loading charge of such activities. For instance, high-impact sports, such as football, would lead to denser bones compared to low-impacting sports, such as swimming; muscles contribute to such observed effects on bones.

These two facts explain why the scientific community is focusing more and more on muscle/bone relationships.

3D-SHAPER® allows to investigate how muscles impact bone structures, by analyzing the effect at each bone compartment. Several teams of multiple disciplines (rheumatology, orthopedic surgery, internal medicine, sports specialists, professional sports centers, etc.) have already presented interesting results:

  • Professional ballet dancers bone analysis, “Cortical and trabecular bone analysis of professional dancers using 3D-DXA: a case-control study”, L. Freitas et al, Journal of Sports Sciences 2018, publication here
  • Relationship Muscle function and Mass /bone 3D parameters, “Relationship of Muscle Function and Mass with DXA-derived 3D Parameters”, B. Buehring et al., WCO-IOF-ESCEO 2018, poster available here
  • Barcelona Professional Sports women bone evaluation (football, handball, volleyball, swimming, synchronized swimming, waterpolo), “3D analysis of the cortical and trabecular bone in elite female athletes involved in high- and low-impact sports”, L. Humbert et al., WCO-IOF-ESCEO 2018, poster available here
  • Spinal cord injury (car accidents-related paraplegia and tetraplegia), “Analysis of the evolution of cortical and trabecular bone compartments in the proximal femur after spinal cord injury by 3D-DXA”, L. Gifre et al., Osteoporosis International 2017, publication available here
  • Analysis of the effects of specific physical exercise aiming at reducing fracture risk in postmenopausal women, “High-Intensity Resistance and Impact Training Improves Bone Mineral Density and Physical Function in Postmenopausal Women With Osteopenia and Osteoporosis: The LIFTMOR Randomized Controlled Trial”, S. L. Watson, JBMR 2017, publication available here
  • Muscle/bone status relationship in hip fractured women, “Bone structural components and lean mass assessed by 3D-DXA in Hip Fracture Patients”, L. del Rio et al., ASBMR 2016
  • Analysis of the effect of specific practice aiming at reducing fracture risk in postmenopausal women, “3D-DXA analysis showed that moderate to high-magnitude whole body vibration training over one year increased femoral cortical thickness in low-active postmenopausal women.”, M. Pasqulini et al., ASBMR 2016
  • Post-Polio Syndrome affected patients muscle/bone relationship, “Functional muscle-bone unit assessed by 3D-DXA: Study in a cohort of postpolio syndrome patients.”, L. del Rio et al., ASBMR 2015
  • SHARE:

3D distribution at the cortex, differences between sports, Courtesy of Dr. Ludovic Humbert

  • SHARE:

3D distribution at the cortex, differences between sports, Courtesy of Dr. Ludovic Humbert

  • SHARE: